The Journal of a Fur-Trading Expedition
on the Upper Missouri
By John C. Luttig
Clerk of the Missouri Fur Company
Friday the 8th
of May, I started from St. Louis to Bellefontaine to meet the Boats bound up the Missouri River, arriving there at 1. o'clock
P.M., took in Meal and Corn, arranged the Loading, and started at 3. o'clock,
went about 4 Miles with a head wind.
Saturday the 9th head
wind and strong Currents made very little way, at noon met Mr. Immel
with Boat coming from his winter quarters of the Sioux, this Morning Mr. Manuel
Lisa came on Board at the Charbonnier made about 5 miles distance.
Sunday the 10th, came too
opposite St. Charles
at noon Mr. Manuel Lisa crossed for some Men, rested all Day.
Monday the 11th Mr.
Manuel Lisa & Choteau came on Board at 9. o'clock A.M. took in some traps, and made the best of our
way at 12. o'clock, having a head wind made very little distance.
Tuesday the 12th, head
wind and strong Current, made not much Distance.
Wednesday the 13th, the
same as yesterday.
Thursday the 14th, the
same .. .. ..
Friday the 15th in the
Morning about 8 o'clock - Mr. Majet ,
Patroon of the large Boat fell over Board on account of a Log slamming against the
Rudder, he saved himself by taking hold of the Rudder, and got on Board, both
Rudder Irons broke and Lost, were detained to make a steering Oar, head wind all
Day, sent some Irons on shore by Mr. Richardson ,
and camped at Burgois Creek .
Saturday the 16th,
detained on Account of the Iron, which however came about 11 o'clock A.M., hard
Rain and bad weather, fixed the Rudder and went about 2 Miles distance, Killed 1
Sunday the 17th blowing
very hard ahead and strong Current we had to stop for several hours, made sail,
about 2 P.M., just at starting a Bear crossed the River towards us, Killed him
close in shore, and found him very fat.
Monday 18th, still head
wind the Rudder Irons of the little Boat broke, and had to lay by all Day. this
Day Killed four Deer 2 Turkeys.
Tuesday 19th bad weather
and head wind made about one mile all Day distance.
Wednesday 20, head wind
and strong Current, made not much Distance.
Thursday, the 21. arrived
at 11 o'clock A.M. at Cote sans Dessin ,
rested all Day. traded some Beaver, and took LaChapel on Board.
Friday the 22d. started
at 6 in the Morning with a favorable breeze, found the River more gentle, had
fine weather. Killed two Deer and 1 Bear, made good head way.
Saturday, the 23d, fine
weather & fair wind made about 25 miles distance. Killed 1 Deer.
Sunday, the 24th clear
weather and fair wind made about 20 miles, and camped about 1 mile above the
Widow Cole ,
Killed 1 Deer and 1 Bear.
Monday the 25th commenced
with a thunder storm and hard Rain, cleared up about 11 A.M. with a fine fair
wind, made about 27 Miles and Killed 1 Bear.
Tuesday the 26, hard Rain
and squalls all Day made not much distance, killed 1 Bear 2 Turkeys.
Wednesday, the 27. bad
weather and head wind again, killed two Deer, and not much distance.
Thursday, the 28, head
wind and strong Current accompanied by heavy Squalls, LaChapel killed a fine
female Bear, and 3 of her Cubs, and 1 Turkey, made only 5 miles this Day and
camped at black snake Creek .
Friday the 29th departed
at Day light, opposite the little Osage Island we were obliged to stop on account of head wind and strong Current, arranged a
new top Mast, went fishing with the Seine and caught 13 large fish 1 Turtle, the
wind having somewhat abated we made way at 2 P.M. but still wind a heads, at the
little Osage Prairie we stopped for the little Boat which got around, met a shoal of Cat fish close
in shore the Men who were Cordelling killed one with a stick which weighed after
cleaning 40 lbs, went on a little way and found a small Run full of fish, the
other Boat not having come up as yet we took our Seine and caught 161 Bass and
other fish, which we salted, camped and killed 2 Deer.
Saturday, the 30th fine
weather, but very hard water, swung 3 times at a point of a sandbar, the little
Boat broke her Rudder Irons again, repaired at Dinner, Killed 2 Deer 1 Beaver 1
Pelican, made not much Distance.
Sunday the 31st fortune
still ahead, strong currents and head winds were our Daily Companions, made no
way. Killed 2 Deer and 1 Beaver.
Monday the 1st of June,
hard wind a head with fine weather met 4 Batteaux going to St. Louis, a little
above the Prairie du Feu had to stop and make another top mast of Oak, the last one made of Hichberry was
crooked and good for nothing, Killed 3 Deer 1 Bear.
Tuesday, the 2nd, the
wind and weather the same as yesterday. Killed this Day 2 Deer and 1 fox, camped
at fire Prairie Creek .
Wednesday the 3d fine
weather and head wind and Current as usual at 10 A.M. arrived below fort Osage ,
saluted with 17 Guns which was politely returned by the Commander Capt Climson ,
on arrival were invited to Capt Climson, who treated us very handsomly,
discharged our freight for this place and arranged our Cargoes, had a present
made of Ice, which regaled us exceedingly.
Thursday the 4th started
after breakfast, about 9 A.M. met several Perogues coming from their Winter
quarters, Mess fr Robideau ,
La Jeuness & others, Louis Bijou embarked with us, as also two hunters embarked at fort Osage Greenwood
& Laurison Immel went back to the fort for his dog and on his Return in formed of the party
going to Santa fe he met this Day at the fort. strong Current, made 9 Miles Distance.
Friday the 5th wind and
Current as usual. fine weather made about 12 miles distance Killed 1 Deer.
Saturday 6th the same
wind & Current, Killed 3 Bear the 3 Deer 1 Turkey camped opposite Cansas
River distance 15 Miles.
Sunday the 7th a fine
morning, in the afternoon cloudy and distant Thunder, Killed 2 Deer, made 16
Miles distance, camped 4 Miles above little Platte River .
Monday 8th fine weather,
at 8 A.M. a fair Breeze sprung up though feeble, we made 18 Miles distance,
Killed 3 Deer 3 Bear, caught 17 fish, camped 2 Miles below the old Cansas
Tuesday 9th headwind
again, strong Current, made only 9 Miles distance this Day, Killed 6 Deer.
Wednesday 10th, fine
weather, had a small Breeze in our favor, Killed nothing today, distance made,
Thursday the 11th fine
weather head wind but still, all hunters out, passed the upper old Cansas
Village, Killed 7 Deer, distance 15 Miles.
Friday the 12th, fine
weather, made good way cordelling the wind all Day against us, distance 21 Miles
camped on a large Sandbar where we found a quantity of turtle Eggs, this Day
lost one of our Swivels when swinging round and run against the other Boat,
Killed 3 Deer, 2 Turkeys.
Saturday the 13 the fine
weather and head wind, this Day had bad luck, crossing for some of our Hunters
we came in hard water, and cordelling on a Prairie encountered many Rafts, after
having passed we dined 2 Miles above the Prairie .
Mr. Manuel L. put our 2 Hogs in the River to wash but they swam off, we were
obliged to turn about and followed them several Miles, after two Attempts we
caught them, turning a rocky point we had hard work,. the little Boat which was
a head swung round and went off like lightning, the Cordells broke, and we were
obliged to put the hands of both Boats to one to mount distance 12 Miles killed
5 Deer 1 Racoon,.
Sunday the 14th fine
weather, but head wind, passed the Nabowa River at noon, camped 8 Miles above made 16 Miles distance and had this Day 4 Deer
Killed gathered about 100 turtle Eggs.
Monday 15th about one
o'clock this Morning it began to blow furiously, were obliged to put out our
fires, the wind blowing form all quarters, a clear Sky, finished our cooking in
the Morning at 6 in the Morning went « miles but were stopt by hard head wind
and Current crossed the River to find some Hickory for making an Axe handles and
Ramrods, but were disappointed, crossed again and sopped till 5 P.M. started
about 1 Mile took the Cordell the Boat swung and went down the River like the
Wind in full speed, leaving all hands on shore, the few which were on Board
landed the Boat opposite to our last nights Lodgings, our hands came on board
made a new start, but night overtook us, got on a sandbar and were very near
lost running against a Sawyer had to cross again to the North Side, the other Boat came to close swept by the
Current we unshipped our Rudder, run against a tree and broke her mast, this
ended this dolefull Day camped at 11 o'clock at night distance 1 « Mile, left
our hunters on the opposite side Killed 1 Deer, wind N.W. fresh Gales.
Tuesday the 16, hard wind
from N.W., went about 1 Mile in the Morning when we had to stop, all hands went
out to gather wood for Axe helms, Ramrods and a new Mast, and Game, the first
was found but no meat, our hunters on the opposite Side had also been
unsuccessful, and crossed the River on a Raft, facing wind and Current about 6
Miles swimming. Killed 1 Deer.
Wednesday 17th wind still
a head, but abated, made this Day 16 Miles, Killed 3 Deer, when camped a fair
breeze sprung up.
Thursday the 18th at 3
o'clock in the Morning a heavy Thunder storm, at starting we had a fair wind
which however lasted not long, had to try oars. Poles & cordells all Day,
pass the Nimohar River at 11 A.M. dined at Wolf River ,
and camped on a Sand Bar, made 16 miles distance Killed 3 Deer.
Friday, the 19th During
Night blew very hard until 6 in the morning, we stopped for some time having
head wind and strong Current, the River high, made this Day about 15 Miles
distance by hard work. Killed nothing, allthough 7 hunters out of Boats.
Saturday, 20th, hard
Gales all night, in the Morning cloudy with some flaws of wind in our favor,
about 8 A.M. the wind increased, and we sailed at intervals very fast, until 2
P.M. when Thunder storm attended with a hard rain arose. this Day at 10 A.M.
passed Ichinipokins River at the North Side, at 7 P.M. little Mahonir River
on the South Side, -- made about 20 Miles distance, Killed 2 Deer, Game scarce.
Sunday, the 21st fine
weather with head wind and Currents, all hunters out, on the Island Beaux Soleil
Killed 2 Deer 3 Bear, 1 Turkey, 1 Rabbitt the hunters on the Prairies killed
nothing, distance about 15 Miles, camped 1 Mile above the Island.
Monday, the 22d, cloudy
had now and then some Sailing, the River still rising and strong Currents, at 4
P.M. a thunder storm arose which raged furiously, the huricane swayed the trees
every where luckily we got under some Willows and lay safe, were obliged to
Camp, distance 10 Miles, Killed 1 Deer, 1 Turkey.
Tuesday the 23d started
at Day light as usual, passed Le Cote grand Brule ,
opposite the head of, we had to stop to make a new top Mast for the other Boat.
fine weather, Current very hard, River still rising, distance 14 Miles, Killed 3
Wednesday, the 24th, St.
started at 3 in the Morning with fair wind, but had not come 1/4 Mile when the
Wind changed ahead, worked hard against the Current, very warm and clear, made
only 9 Miles in 14 hours distance Killed 1 Deer 2 Turkey, 2 Racoons, found
plenty fresh tracks of Elk.
Thursday, the 25th This
Morning a fine breeze sprung up and we had sailing all Day, but by the
Mismanagement of the Patron of the little Boat were detained several times we
camped before Sunset to let the little Boat come up with us, about dark we heard
a Gun, but she did not come to our Camp, the wind blew fresh all night made
about 15 Miles distance.
Friday the 26th at 2
o'clock 25 Minutes in the Morning we turned about to look for the little Boat
and found her safe 1 Mile below our Camp, we set sail, and went pretty well till
Sunrise, when the Wind failed, very strong Current, and hard work to gain way,
at 7 A.M. Baptiste Latouipe of St. Louis, fell over Board and never seen again, the two Boats being close
together, he could not rise, or was entangled by the Roots of a large tree,
which he was going to strike with his Pole. -- made River Platte at 11 A.M., dined and weather very hot, remained three hours, at 3 P.M. passed
River Papillion made 12 Miles distance, Killed 1 Deer.
Saturday, the 27th
departed as usual and the Water not so strong as below, the River Platte, this
Morning passed Mosquito River ,
distance 20 Miles, Killed 4 Deer 1 Goose.
Sunday the 28th, made
pretty good way in the Morning but about 10 A.M. the Rudder stay broke of the
little Boat we were obliged to cross the River to find a place to unload her,
and make a steering Oar, which took up all Day. distance 6 Miles, Killed 1 Deer.
Monday the 29th This Day
had at Intervals some sailing the River crooked as a zick zack, passed River
Boje at 9 A.M. point Jacques at 2 P.M. and council Bluff at 4 P.M. distance 20 Miles, Killed 1 Deer.
Tuesday, the 30th fine
weather and sailing we pushed on very well, and would have made considerable way
if it had not been for the other Boat, were obliged to stop to make another
steering Oar for her, during which time our hunters killed 3 Deer, distance 27
Wednesday, the 1 of July.
fine weather and fine sailing at 3 P.M. passed Soldier River ,
Missouri very crooked, no hunters out, distance 34 Miles, saw some Elk.
Thursday the 2d fine
weather head wind but good water made good way, cordelling all Day, camped at
the Mouth of the little Sioux River ,
distance 23 Miles, Killed 4 Deer 1 Duck.
Friday. the 3d of July.
fine weather and light favorable Winds in the forenoon., at 1 P.M. passed Coup
distance 18 Miles.
Saturday the 4th of
July., we had ourselves prepared to salute the Day, which gave Birth to the
Independence of the United States, but a Salute from Heaven prevented us, a
thunder storm arose at 2 in the Morning and the Bank of the River where we
camped fell in upon us momentarily. Mr Manuel was nearly drowned in his Bed, and
we had run off., rowing and poling all Day, about Sunset a favorable wind sprung
up and carried us several Miles, were obliged to leave a large Buck and an Elk
which our Hunters had Killed behind, camped at Black Birds Hill ,
distance 15 Miles.
Sunday the 5th fine
weather at 8 A.M. came to a Channel which we entered, in hopes to go through, to
cut off 6 -- Leagues of the River, but were disappointed, having ascended within
150 yards toward the head of it, the Water became so rapid as to endanger out
Boat to sink, we returned with Difficulty, at a little Distance found another,
which was also tried, but to our Sorrow found not Water enough at the head and
returned took the old Route, and were stopped at 5 P.M. by a Thunderstorm,
distance 15 Miles.
Monday the 6th rained
very hard last night, cleared up and we made best or our way at 4 o'clock in the
Morning had a few Squalls and rain, at 8 A.M. a fair wind arose and had fine
sailing for several hours, the River very crooked had to row at times, at 2;30
P.M. passed Mohaw River ,
and opposite the Village at 4 P.M. 2 Men went to see of any Indians were there,
they returned not being able to get to the Village on account of swamp and
musquitos, camped on a Sand bar, distance 30 Miles.
Tuesday, 7th started at
Day break, cloudy, head wind and rain, in the afternoon passed Floyds River ,
Sun River and at dark Big Sioux River ,
distance 18 Miles.
Wednesday the 8, Head
wind and Rain, hard work all day toward Evening had some sailing on a Sand bar ,
Musquitos in Clouds. distance 18 Miles, Killed 1 Deer.
Thursday the 9th departed
early, took a Channel which we found shut up, and lost the Morning, at Dinner
several Hunters went out to make fires to give Notice to the Indians of our
approch, passed a small River named Iowa ,
in the afternoon had fine sailing, distance 24 Miles, Killed 1 Deer.
Friday the 10th Had wind
and stronger Current all Day. the River very high, left 5 Hunters on shore, -
distance 10 Miles Killed 1 Deer.
Saturday the 11, Rain
& cloudy Morning, at 8 A.M. cleared up with a fair wind, took in our
hunters, set sail, at noon waited one Hour for the little Boat passed Vermillion
River on the North side and at 5 P.M. the River Arck on the South side waited for the little Boat and had to camp before Sunset to
let her come up with us, lost some elegant sailing on her account distance 33
Sunday, the 12th, set
sail early in the Morning and by all appearances were to make a good Days
Journey, but the other Boat not keeping up with us we were obliged to wait
several hours for her, and lost considerable in making way, the wind changing at
noon, at 8 A.M. passed River Jacques ,
Missouri still high, distance 18 Miles.
Monday the 13th, head
wind and hard Current, rowed, poled and cordelled all Day, several hunters went
out returned at 4 P.M., no game but had seen many fresh track of elk, waited 2
hours for the other Boat at 5 P.M. made Island of Bonhomme and Ponca
Country we had flattered ourselves to meet some Indians of Buffaloe but were
dissappointed, by this time we had passed the Countries of the following
Nations, Little and Big Osage ,
& Kanzas, this Morning Immel & Lorimier went a head by land, all hunters went on the Island, Killed but 1 Elk, two of
them camped on the N. Side and Boats on the South Side of the Island, distance
Tuesday, the 14th fine
weather head wind and hard water at 7 A.M. took in our hunters they had killed 1
Elk 1 Deer. had to stop again at 9 A.M. to arrange another Mast for the other
Boat and fix the old Rudder, crossed the River where we found some fine Cedar
for the Purpose, stayed all day unloaded and loaded, put up the Mast and Rudder,
camped and made this Day 4 Miles distance Killed 1 Deer.
Wednesday July 15th, made
an early start and good way at 9 A.M. met the Company Boat coming from the Rees
with Peltries, Papin and Men. Mr Manuel Lisa thought proper to take her back a gain having not
sufficent Loading to defray the expense, passed River Luipere and another small River
in the afternoon Squalls and Rain, camped 3 Miles below Liquicourt River ,
a distance 16 Miles.
Thursday 16 July, rained
all night, and cleared up Sunrise at 8 A.M. passed Leauquicour River very high
and full. Mess. Sanguinett & Bijou went out to make fires as we expected the Indians soon to meet,
camped opposite an Island not far from Poca River, distance 18 Miles Killed 1 Deer.
Friday the 17, a fine
Morning the Mackina Boat took 5 hunters to the Island and we continued our Route
passed Ponca River ,
cordelling on the South Side along the Hills till Dinner; the Boat came up and
brought 1 Deer 1 Beaver cordelled all Afternoon distance 17 Miles.
Saturday 18, cloudy about
8 A.M. a fine favorable wind took us and we had good sailing untill 2 o'clock
P.M. when we discovered 3 Lodges of Sioux Indians and found Mr. Immel & Lorimier, the Chief of them, LeNez
traded with us 32 Beaver 3 otter 2 Robes bufflao 3 Bladders of tallow and
upwards of 300 lbs. of dried neat. camped 1 Mile above them, killed 1 Deer
distance 24 Miles.
Sunday the 19th fine
Morning about 7 A.M. we took in 2 Sioux who had been hunting, belonging to a
band on white River ,
gave us a buffaloe tounge and stayed on Board all Day, our hunters went in
search of Buffaloe but found none, passed Little Cedar Island distance 18 Miles.
Monday the 20, set sail
at 4 in the Morning with a fine wind the Indians left us, sailed till 10 A.M.
when the wind changed and blew hard a head, at 4 P.M. met with Sioux Chief
called the Sleeper and 20 Soldier had some talk and camped with them, distance 15 Miles.
Tuesday the 21, departed
at Sunrise as also the Indians we stopped at a small River where 4 Sioux Chiefs came to us, the Black Sky, Black Buffaloe
Big Horse and Crooked hand we had Counsol and they informed Mr. Manuel Lisa, that at present they had
nothing to trade, but would have plenty next fall Immel went with them to their
Village, 3 Chiefs and 2 young Man remained to fix on a spot for a trading house
they went with us across the River to the Northside 1 Mile below where we
camped, laid out the house for Mr. Bijou who was to remain to trade with the Yentonas, Tatons
Shaunee Mr Manuel present presented the Chief with 10 Carrots of Tobacco and some Powder
and Ball they were seemingly well contented, Killed 1 Buffaloe and the Indians
brought also some fresh Meat.
Wednesday the 22d rose
early, all hands except some lazy Rascals under pretence of being sick went to
work. -- at 3 P.M. Mr. Immel returned with 2 young Indians, the Chief Black Sky
had presented him a horse, he reported the Chiefs and warriors would be with us
to morrow -- he found upwards of 400 Lodges and plenty of Buffaloe in the
Morning when he started from there he saw several Buffaloe enter in the Village,
this Day raised part of the house, Killed 1 Deer, caught several Catfish and 1
Thursday the 23, early to
work, but unfortunately the house fell down when nearly raised, and had to go
over the same work, catched 7 fine fish in the forenoon which provided a fine
Dinner, at 5 P.M. a party of Indians came opposite which we crossed and found
them to be all Boys about 30 in Number they came to give us a Dance, they were
all neat and handsome clothed, more so then I saw the Sioux of the Mississippi,
in the Evening they danced and we gave them some Biscuit hardtack and 1 Carrot
Tobacco they bought plenty Meat with them and gave plenty to the Boats.
Friday the 24th finished
the house, in the afternoon sent Mr. Bijou, Equipment on shore, the Indians went
over the River, and Mr. Manuel Lisa gave the Chief black Buffaloe the present
from Government as also for crooked hand which Chief had promised to come over
but did not come, he left it with Mr. Bijou to be given to him whenever he would
arrive there left 2 hunters and 3 Engagees with Bijou, discharged Bapt. Alar
a good for nothing fellow.
Saturday the 25, set sail
at 4 in the Morning, fair wind took 6 Indians with us which we landed and stood
under sail till 11 A.M. when we took the Cordell for about 1 hour dined, and set
sail again, passed white River at 2 P.M. the slakening about 4 P.M. we took the
Cordell again, Mr. Manuels Negro Boy Charles went out the Boat to get some grass
or grasshoppers for a Prairie Dog which he had caught some days ago, he the Boy
went upon the Hills unperceived, they are very high he fell down a precipe
overhanging rock, precipice into the River, the Man who was steering the Mackina
Boat saw it , and cried out to Mr. Lewis who was walking in the Rear of the
Boats to save the Boy but Mr. Lewis unfortunately did not understand the men however saw something strugling in the
water, but thought the Boy was a swimming, when the Men came towards him, they
went to find the Boy, alas he was gone, he must have been stunned by the fall or
otherwise would have saved himself, the River was not 4 feet deep, he drowned at
5 o'clock P.M. we searched for him some time but the Current had swept him off,
cordelled a little way, crossed to an Island, set out 3 hunters, at sunset the
Wind fair, set sail, took in our hunters, camped on a Sand bar the wind blowing
fresh all night distance 30 Miles.
Sunday the 26, set sail
at 3 in the Morning, at 8 A.M. Immel & Queenville went out to hunt and to visit his house were he lived last Winter
we came up with the house very fast stopped a few Minutes the wind fresh in our
favor, took in Immel, Queenville had run after some Buffaloe, we pretty fast and
were obliged to stop for Queenville, who was far behind we gave him signal, and
embarked him, he had Killed 1 Buffaloe but we left the Meat, taking care of the
wind at 1 P.M. made Big Bend ,
camped on the North Side. -- Distance 36 Miles.
Monday the 27th departed
at 4 in the Morning a fresh wind sprung up and carried us out of the Bend, the
wind slackening we had to take to our Oars, at 8 A.M. we set sail again and
sailed till 11 A.M. after Dinner Immel Lorimier and Greenwood went out the Boat
to go by Land to the Rees. cordelled all afternoon, and camped at the point of
Cedar Island ,
distance 21 Miles. Killed 1 Deer.
Tuesday the 28, set sail
with a favorable wind at 3:30 minutes in the Morning, but the wind falling had
to take to cordelling, last night caught 3 Beavers, Killed Cabri 2 Elks,
distance 18 Miles
Wednesday the 29th head
wind and clear, cordelling all Day at 4 P.M. passed little Missouri River,
Killed 1 Buffaloe 2 Deer 1 Badger, distance 21 Miles
Thursday the 30th fine
weather but head wind, had to cordell all Day saw a band of about 50 to 60 Elk,
3 of them close to us in the River, but had no Luck to Kill the Mackina Boat was
gone a head with the hunters and did not come to our Camp that night, distance
Friday the 31st departed
early cloudy and head wind cordelled all Morning at 7 A.M. met the Mackina Boat
they had Killed 2 Dear and 1 fawn, crossed the River after Breakfast the wind
becoming very hard made very little way. Killed 1 Buffaloe 4 Deer, distance 12
Miles. This Morning we left our old she Cat at Camp, at breakfast I missed her,
and Mr Manuel sent a Man for the Cat, he returned in the Evening with the Cat to
our great satisfaction this Remark may seem rediculous, but an Animal of this
kind, is more valuable the this Country than a fine Horse. Mice are in great
Abundance and the Company have lost for want of Cats, several Thousand Dollars
in Merchandie, which were destroyed at the Bigbellies station, there has not a
night passed since our departure from Belefountaine where I got that Cat, that
she has not caught from 4 to 10 Mice and brought them to her Kittens.
Saturday the 1st of
August last night caught 2 young Beaver, cordelled all Morning, still and very
little Current at 10:15 A.M. passed Chajenne River very low at this time saw several Buffaloe, chased, but without Success, crossed
the River, and cordelled along the Bluffs, at Dinner we stopped at some Bluffs
above Chajenne River about 4 Miles, where I found plenty of Iron Ore, and
somewhat higher up signs of Saltpeter. Distance 18 Miles Killed 2 Deer.
Sunday the 2d some Rain
fell last night, cloudy in the Morning, 6 A.M. cordelling the little Boat joined
us, they had meat of 3 Buffaloes, one Cow they found wounded with an Arrow, she
came into their Camp. Distance 18 Miles Killed 1 Deer.
Monday the 3 at 2 A.M. a
Canoe with Garrow ,
the Interpreter, 2 Engagees and Goshe a Ree Chief came to us, they brought some Corn and a Letter from Immel at noon
passing along a Bottom, we found a Mocassin tied to a tree in which we also
found a Letter from Immel informing us they were well and would be at the Rees
from thence in One Dat. Distance 21 Miles, Killed 5 Deer.
Tuesday the 4th headwind
as usual, cordelling out Hunters went out this Morning and at dinner brought 3
Deer 1 Buffaloe 4 Ducks, passed Mauro River ,
in the afternoon Killed 1 very large Buck. at 5 P.M. a heavy storm arose and we
had to lay by. at 6 P.M. 2 Skin Canoes met us, with Lorimier, Greenwood,
Dougherty and Weir ,
it continued raining and we were obliged to Camp. Distance 15 Miles.
Wednesday the 5th cleared
up in the Morning and we went on Cordelling, but the good Luck they got fast 3
times, at Dinner our hunters brought 1 large Cabri and 2 Deer very fat, 1 Goose,
pursued our Voyage and at 5 P.M. met 3 more hunters of the Company from the
Rees, camped 3 miles below the Grand River .
Thursday 6th at 6 A.M.
passed Grand River, Mr. M. Lisa had intended to build a fort here, but finding
the Situation not eligible for a Fort, moved on and camped about 12 Miles below
the Rees. Distance 15 Miles.
Friday the 7th has a
little Wind in favor set sail and at 12 o'clock M. arrived at fort ,
all Indians in Motion to a Number of about 1200 souls, Mr. Manuel L could not
immediately go on shore, as he had his Leg strained this Morning when Jumping
out of the Boat, and got very Lame, a horse was procured and he went to the
Village and held Council with the Principal Chiefs did not come to Council and
Jealousy reigned among them, about 2 P.M. the Women and Children who were about
our Boats were called away to the Village, and in a few Minutes the Coast was
clear, this was not a friendly Signal, and we prepared for the worst, after
Dinner Mr M.L. -- resolved to go to the Fort, he went with 10 armed Men and sent
for the Chiefs to explain their Conduct. when it appeared that Goshe had
received his presents and they not, and further complained on Account of the
Merchandize to be taken away from them to trade Mr. M. L., came to an absolution
and they gave up, they were satisfied to have a Fort built at their Village
about 12 Miles distance .
La Plume the Chief of the 2d Village received his Present and harmonie was restored, they
traded some in the afternoon loaded the Peltries ect... ect... and prepared for
Morning, set a Volunteer Guard, though guarded, the Indians would pilfer every
thing they could lay their hands on.
Saturday the 8th started
early without trouble, several went by Land as also some Indians, Goshe and La
Plume overtook us at noon, in order to stop us and not go too high from their
but the Place where we were did not answer for our purpose pursued our Route,
the Chiefs went back seemingly displeased, camped 12 Miles above the Village,
last night had our 2 Cats stolen.
Sunday the 9th of August
started early and at 7 A.M. arrived at a beautifull Prairie Bluff with several
Bottoms of fine timber around, made Arrangment for our Camp and in the afternoon
discharged the Boats, every Men happy to have come thus far of our Voyage .
Monday the 10th sent out
one Boat across the River with hands to cut timber for a Blacksmith Shop and
Provision house all hands employed to fix a temporary Camp.
Tuesday the 11th, no news
from the Village untill noon when our Interpreter Garrow and a Soldier arrived,
every thing quiet, they reported that a Shuking Big Belly entered the Village at
dark yesterday and Killed 1 Ree.
Wednesday the 12, were
informed a war party had gone on, to fight the Bigbellies .
Thursday the 13th, Mr. M.
Lisa had resolved to go up with a party to the Bigbellies to arrange Matters
with them and bring down the Peltries, the Bigbellies having 2 hunters and stole
26 Company horses, as also detained the Trader they had with them, he
accordingly went this Morning at 8 o'clock and 26 Men with him. At 10 P.M. 60
Rees composing a War party arrived they requested something to eat, our hunters
had just come in with 3 Buffaloes and 1 Deer, we gave them some Meat, and
ferried them across the River, this Day cut timber for different Buildings, at
the same time the Rees were crossing the River 8 canoes move in sight coming
down with Meat, the Men in the Canoes saw so many Indians crossing, took the
terrors put their Canoes on shore and run off, both parties thinking they were
Enemies, as soon as the war party arrived on the other they gave the Halloo and
run in full Speed to the Canoes. finding nobody and seeing the Canoes belonging
to their own Nation, they took some Meat and without searching for their friends
went off, 2 hours afterwards 2 Indians appeared and ventured to come over to our
side, on arrival we found them to be 2 Squaws the Men consisting of 2 Rees, 2
2 Chayenne ,
had run off, and left every thing behind them.
Friday the 14th This
Morning at one o'clock were alarmed by the firing of a Gun, and heard the
Dashing of Oars when to our Surprize we saw Mr. Manuel & party returning he
having been informed by one of those Cowards who had run off from the Canoes,
that all the white men were Killed and that the Indians had crossed the River in
our Boat to Kill them also, supposed by the Sioux, Mr. M.L. alarmed on this
Account returned immediately to Camp, finding however to his great Satisfaction
the History of the Indian false, he remained till breakfast and pursued his
first Intentions, last night about 40 Indians camped with us they were gathering
Cherries and other fruits about the Country finished the Blacksmith shop and
Provission house, caught 8 fine Cat fish.
Saturday the 15th This
Morning cloudy, some hunters went out, no Meat at home, caught 8 Cat fish, Rain
Sunday the 16th hard Rain
last night, cleared up in the Morning and all hands went for timber, at 5 P.M.
our hunters returned with Meat they had Killed 11 Buffaloe, caught 11 Cat fish,
and Killed 11 Ducks.
Monday the 17th, clear,
all hands cutting timber and making Hay, caught 15 fish, and Killed 15 Ducks.
Tuesday the 18th all
hands employed as yesterday. 2 Hunters went out for Buffaloe, caught 4 fish.
Wednesday the 19. the
hands employed in Work as yesterday at noon our hunters came in with Meat for 2
Cows. Killed 10 Ducks.
Thursday the 20, North
wind & cold, cloudy in the forenoon hands at work as yesterday, fine
afternoon Mr. Lewis caught a Prairie Dog, caught 4 fish, Killed 1 Pheasent.
Friday the 21st, clear
and hard wind, still at work cutting timber and making hay. Killed 6 Ducks. Mr
Lewis's Prairie Dog was nearly Killed by one of our Dog who broke the Chain and
run off with him.
Saturday the 22d, clear
and windy, the same Work going on. at noon Goehe and Nez Corbain a Yentonas Chief arrived with four Sioux, at 6 P.M. our hunters came in with
Meat of 5 Cows. This Day blew a very hard Gale from the South west. Killed 28
Plover and 4 Ducks.
Sunday the 23d, clear
wind west N. west, the same work, at noon La Plume paid us a Visit, dried some
Meat very warm.
Monday the 24th clear,
wind west, 3 hunters went out being informed the Buffaloe was near by a party of
Indians which had been hunting at 10 A.M. 12 Canoes arrived with meat they made
a present of 18 Tongues and went off at noon caught 10 fish.
Tuesday the 25th cloudy
and disagreeable, hands at work as usual.
Wednesday the 26, cloudy
and cold, at 7 A.M. Mr. Manuel Lisa returned with part of the Men from his
expedition, the Rest of the Men were coming by Land with the horses he traded
and given up by the Bigbellies, the Chief Brone refused to give up the stolen horses, Mr. Manuel cleared the trading of peltrie
and Goods and took off the whites, at 11 P.M. Gray Eye Ree Chief, arrived with 100 Men from a war tour, they had not Killed nor even
seeing Enemy, in the Evening a larger Party passed by with two Scalps which they
carried before then in triumph at dark some more arrived and camped with us.
Thursday 27, clear and
fresh, the Big white Mandan Chief arrived, with several of his Bravos and family, to pay a visit, he
had a few Robes which he traded, and took some articles on Credit, at noon Nez
Corbain came again to receive a Present from Mr. Manuel Lisa and as soon as
received for the Village.
Friday the 28, clear and
the house fur trade was commenced made 36 Packs of different Peltries and prepared the Boat which had to go to St. Louis,
Saturday the 29th, clear,
this Morning the Men which came by Land from the Bigbellies arrived with the
horses, they had met with no Accident, they informed that the Mandan had made a Hunt and Killed on One Day 450 Buffaloe, employed in -- setting
Accounts and writing, at 5 P.M. out hunters brought in the Meat of 5 Cows.
Sunday the 30th clear, at
10 A.M. the Boat started for St. Louis with 13 Men, several others went to the Ree Village to purchase Corn and Skins
for covering of the Boat, in the evening they returned and had only succeeded to
buy two Bushels of Corn and 8 Hides, the Indians not being willing to trade.
Monday the 31st cloudy
and hard wind from the S.W. -- made up an assortment to go to the Mandan and
purchase Horses for the parties going up River.
Tuesday Sept. 1, cloudy
and heavy Squalls, four Men went to the Men to buy horses, made a fish trap of
willows, and caught 31 Cat fish, hunters went out this Morning, and returned in
the Evening had Killed 11 Cow.
Sept. 2d Wednesday hard
Gales from N.W. La Plume came to Camp, the wind abated about Sun set cloudy and
Thursday Sept. 3. clear
and warm, caught 6 fish very large.
Friday Sept. 4 nothing
remarkable, cloudy and cold.
Saturday 5 the same
" " " " " .
Sunday 6 the same "
" " " ".
Monday 7 moved in the new
house and begun to make Equipments for the Parties going up the Missouri.
Tuesday 8 finished
Equipments, Killed 14 Ducks.
Wednesday 9 our hunter
brought Meat of 9 Buffaloe, were informed the Sioux and Rees had fought a Battle
2 Sioux Killed 3 Rees wounded.
Thursday 10 clear and
warm, the Gray Eye Chief and 3 Men arrived from a Scout.
Friday the 11th early
rise, the parties prepared to start. Mr Sanguinette and 2 Men with 5 horses for
the Spanish waters Mr. Lorimier and four for the Wind River ,
Mr. Lewis, two engagees and the trappers for the little Horn in all 18 Men, at noon a Sioux Chief arrived to have a talk with Mr. M. L. and 9
Men with him, cloudy & rain we traded some dry meat and 1 Robe.
Saturday the 12, the
Sioux started this Morning, as also Mercier ,
LaChapel, and Carriere for their fall hunt down the Missouri, Killed 14 Ducks.
Sunday the 13th fine
weather, began to hawl stone for Chimneys our hunters went out, finished the
Store caught 15 large fish.
Monday the 14 last Night
a Ree Chief Legross ,
came to fore with his Wife he was lamenting the Death of one of his Children
which had died 2 Days ago, Mr. Manuel covered the Dead Child, Legross being a
good Indian, this morning had 22 fish fine warn weather, our hunters returned
with 6 Cows and the pleasing news of plenty in the prairies.
Tuesday the 15, moved in
the Store, took and Inventory caught 8 fish, warm and clear.
Wednesday the 16 fine
weather nothing remarkable.
Thursday the 17 the Wind
blew heavy from the N.W., about 6 A.M. the Men who went to get the Horses, came
back and told the sad news that 5 Indians, supposing Grosventers had mounted the
horses in their Sight and rode them off. 7 in Number, Charbonneau who was on horse back came in full speed to the fort and cried out; TO ARMS,
Lecomte is Killed, the run off and left the poor fellow, that Indians spoke to Lecomte
and they told him to go about his business he ask them what Nation they were,
they answered Crows if the Indians had an Idea to kill him they might easy have done it, 10 armed
Men went immediatly after them but returned without Success they saw them no
more, a cloudy Day and cold.
Friday the 18 disagreable
weather, the wife of Elie a Snake Squaw died, made a Wolf trap and raised the Mens house.
Saturday the 19th
Charbanneau and Jessaume departed for to go to the Bigbellies, to try to get the
horses Bijou arrived from his Station with 10 Sioux, Saunie to make peace with the Rees, as Mr. M. L. had proposed, at 2 P.M. our hunters
brought in 3 Elk fine Evening.
Sunday the 20th a clear
but cold Morning 2 Rees arrived in search of a Women which had run off, after
Breakfast Immel had 4 Men went hunting, in the afternoon Goshe and 3 Men arrived
he seemed not much pleased with the Sioux, they harangued much this Evening, and
to Morrow was fixed to smoke and made Peace.
Monday 21st fine weather
and warm, one of the Warriors of the Sioux after having talked a little mixed
whisky, pretended to be drunk, and cut Capers about like a mad Man, which
determined the Business with the Rees, it was resolved that the Sioux should de
part in the Evening unseen by the other Indians which might hurt them, they
spent the Day agreable together and at 8 o'clock in the Evening they crossed the
River, accompanied by a few Presents. Bijou who was to go by water found the
Canoes not good and remained.
Tuesday the 22d fine warm
weather and clear Bijou loaded his Canoe and went down the River with Manegre ,
at 10 A.M. Goshe and party also started and Immel came home with 1 Elk and 2
Deer very fat he found no Buffaloes traded 2 horses, in the Evening a Ree and 2
Women to trade a horse.
Wednesday the 23 fine
clear weather, set 2 hens with 22 Eggs, traded the horse in the Evening another
arrived to trade a horse and also his Wife, a handsome Squaw he found trade for
the horse but not for the Wife, a Mandan arrived, no news from above.
Thursday the 24th fine
warm weather for the Season traded some Corn the Indians went to the Village,
Immel and 3 men went hunting took 10 traps and 7 Horses with him, in the evening
Nez Corbain and 50 Men of the Yentonas arrived.
Friday 25th, Rain and
windy traded some Meat with the Indians, after dinner they brought in their
Plunder for trade and we traded several Peltries, a large quantity of dry meat
and tallow held a Council and made a Present of 10 lbs powder 15 lbs Ball, 1
Kegg of mixed Whisky.
Saturday the 26th, they
were preparing to move, when we found they had stolen a foot Adze and a handsaw,
by giving a Hand Kerchief to the Chief he promised to return them we got the
Adge but not the Saw, when they were gone we found our table Knives and the Door
of a ?large? ahd also departed at 2 P.M. our hunters came in with 4 Buffaloes,
they had left Immel with one Man to trap Beaver.
Sunday the 27th nothing
remarkable, Rain, blew a hard Gale and continued so all Night till ---
Monday the 28 in the
Morning when it cleared up our Hunters went out for Meat, and in the afternoon
about 40 Sioux arrived to trade, in the Evening a hard thunder Storm --
Tuesday the 29th had
cleared up, began to trade they had not much peltry, at 9 A.M. the Indians
Wednesday the 30th clear
and fresh at 2 P.M. our hunters came in with the Meat of 3 Cows 2 Deer, 2 Beaver
and Beaver meat, Immel having caught 14 Beaver.
Thursday the 1st of
October, at Sunrise we had to cross a band of Sioux, accompanied by Nez Corbain
and another Chief called Boite about 40 in Number they traded and returned at
noon satisfied, in the afternoon 7 Men started up the River with the Mackina
Boat to hunt Buffaloe, and Immel came home with 15 Beaver 1 Otter and 2
Muskrats, wind blew very hard from N.W. and the Boat returned.
Friday the 2d the Boat
went again early in the Morning the wind arose from the same quarter they
stopped at the first point above, four Rees came to fort.
Saturday the 3, clear and
cold had white frost this Morning Majet and all hands employed to cut Picketts,
at Sunset 2 Mandans arrived with the sad news of the Big white and Little Crow
being Killed by the Bigbellies and 3 Mandans wounded, the Bigbellies had 11 Men
Killed and a Number wounded, at night Charbonneau, Jessaume returned and brought
with them 3 of the horses which had been stolen by the Mandans and not
Bigbellies as supposed a lesson to take care of our property, no matter friend
Sunday the 4th the
Mandans went to the Rees accompanied by 3 Rees fine weather.
Monday the 5th Immel went
to the Village with Mr. Manuel returned in the Evening they were informed the
Sioux had stolen 3 horses from us in the night of the 3d instant and by
examination we found one of the Company's, one of Goshe, and one of Charbonneau
Tuesday the 6th last
night the Dogs made alarm we went patrolling and some whistling of Men, but
found in the Morning our horses safe, raised the right wing of the out houses
and Kept our horses housed.
Wednesday the 7th fine
warm weather all hands to cut Pickets a beautiful Day for the Season nothing
Thursday the 8th this
Morning 2 horses were stolen in sight of the house, distance 150 steps the Men
who had to take care of the horses went to his Breakfast and returned the horses
Friday the 9th clear and
fine weather, in the afternoon 4 Rees arrived to give us Notice that their Corn
was gathered and ready for trade. Charbonneau & Jessaume Keep us in Constant
uproar with their Histories wild story telling and wish to make fear among the
Engagees, these two Rascals ought to be hung for their perfidy, they do more
harm than good to the American Government, stir up the Indians and pretend to be
friends to the white People at the same time but we find them to be our Enemies.
Saturday the 10, fine
weather, the Rees went home Garrows Wife a Ree Sister to the Chief Goshe, came
to fort last night, this Morning she was going to shoot her husband, she came
here with that Intention, some Rees arrived which were enraged against
Charbonneau & Jessaume, having of their arrival from the Bigbellies they
said that C. & J. were Lyars and not to be considered as good French men,
and if Mr. Manuel Lisa would send them to the Grosventer with a pipe they would
not consent such Credit have these Men amongst the Indians they find their
Character gone and try every Scheme, to Keep themselves alive like a Man a
Drowning, I shall leave them for a while, and go on with my Observations.
Sunday the 11th Immel and
others went with the Boat to the Ree Village to take Corn, late last Evening the
Boat and hunters arrived with a fine Canoe of Meat they had Killed 19 Cows and 4
Elk, but lost the meat of 7 Cows by the Wolves. There are incredible quantities
of Wolves in these parts, they go in gangs of 3 to 400 and at Nights the
Prairies echo with their howling by nothing of this Kind can prevent the Savage
of his favorite walk, to Kill and steal at night, this Day finished our New
Provision Store, and go on with the other houses, the Horses are Kept under Lock
and we fear no Lurking Savage.
Monday the 12th we had
frost last night, the Vessels full of Ice clear and cold Morning, but calm and
warm in the afternoon cloudy evening.
Tuesday the 13, white
frost, cloudy, this Morning our Cart man was attacked by 5 Wolves, but cleared
himself Immel returned, the Rees will not trade Corn with us.
Wednesday the 14th, fine
clear weather, 4 Men went out to hunt, some Rees arrived to trade a little Corn
and a Girl the first was traded, but the last not, she wanted to be the Wife of
Frenchman, and not his concubine, --- Chastity, --- got this Day 21 Chickins.
Thursday the 15, This
Morning Immel, Papin and Charbonneau started for the Grosventer, Mr. M. Lisa
having engaged Charbonneau for some good Reasons at 8 A.M. a Band of Chajennes
about 12 Lodges arrived their Chief named Lessaroco, they had plenty Women &
Children and a great Number of Dogs, traded some Beaver, and about50 Bushels of
Friday the 16th, clear
and warm, the Chajennes went off they behaved very well. traded tranquil and in
the afternoon 2 young Men brought our Hogs back which had followed them.
Saturday the 17, cloudy,
Majet and hands crossed the River for Picketts, in the afternoon some Rees
arrived, traded 6 Beaver and some Corn.
Sunday the 18, cloudy
& cold, Boat went for Picketts again.
Monday the 19 the same as
Tuesday the 20,
snowstorm, at 3 P.M. Goshe arrived with 4 Chajennes of a large band, they came
to inform themselves how we traded, and observe we had not Goods enough for
their Peltries, we shall see when they come.
Wednesday the 21st cold
and cloudy, this Morning the Chajennes went off and Goshe remained, at noon 2 of
our hunters came in with Meat of 2 Cows.
Thursday the 22d clear
and cold, the 2 hunters went out again, commenced the Stockade of the fort.
Friday the 23 clear and
cold had 3 Kittens this Day.
Saturday the 24 clear and
cold after Dinner our Heroes arrived from the Bigbellies, they brought a Pipe
and 3 Bladder for the Rees, their Mission had been successful and all
Differences existing between them and the whites settled at the same time our
hunters arrived with Meat of 2 Cows. They had Killed 7 and caught 20 Beaver 1
Otter 2 Muskrats and Killed 2 Wolves.
Sunday the 25, clear and
cold nothing to remark.
Monday the 26, the same.
Mr. Manuel L. went accompanied by the 2 Interpreters, Papin and 3 Men to the Ree
Village with the Pipe of the Bigbellies.
Tuesday the 27 clear and
cold hunters went with 7 Horses but returned in the Evening, having seen some
Lurking Savages. Mr. M. L. returned from the Village successful.
Wednesday the 28th clear
and moderate warm, our hunter took an early start across the River with 6
Horses. At Evening 4 Rees and 1 Mandan came to the fort from the Mandans, they
informed the brother of Legrand had died of his wounds, received in the Battle with the Bigbellies.
Thursday the 29th clear
and warm, finished writing and at 11 A.M. Lajoie and Gogal two Engagees set sail in a Canoe for St. Louis, with a few Peltries, ect.., ect...
cloudy Evening at 11 P.M. Goshe and Legross with 4 Warriors came to fort with a
Pipe for the Bigbellies.
Friday the 30th
Charbonneau and the 4 Warriors marched off to the Bigbellies, our hunters
returned with Meat of 2 Cows, they had met plenty but very wild and could not
Saturday the 31st Snow
this Morning, cleared up at noon and had fine weather, nothing to remark.
Sunday, November 1, frost
last Night, cold and clear several Rees came to the fort, Woahl and Chaine
returned from trapping, they brought 53 Beaver 1 Otter 5 Muskrats 2 Wolves 2
Mink 20 Foxes 7 Elk Skins.
Monday the 2d, cloudy and
hard Gales from West a hunting party was prepared to go up the River in the
Boat, but blowing to hard were prevented.
Tuesday the 3d clear and
cold the Boat started with 12 Men at 8 A.M. in the afternoon a Partizan /
Camerad of Mr. M. L. of the Sioux / Saunies / arrived with 19 Men, they wanted
absolutely Mr. Manuel Lisa to go with them to their hunting ground and trade
very hard Gales and cloudy Evening late in the Evening Gray head a Mandan Chief
came to the fort with his family
Wednesday the 4th cloudy
and Snow Squalls Mr. M. L. wished to follow the Boat by Land was prevented by
the Sioux, they were not willing to go home in the Evening several Rees and 3
Thursday the 5th Snow
storms all last night until 8 this Morning when it cleared up, cold weather
Friday the 6th clear and
cold, much Ice in the River the Sioux went off this Morning across the River
fearing to go on this Side of the Rees, Gray head, Rees and Mandan started also,
and Garrow the Interpreter left the fort with his Wife, on Account of a quarrel
between his Wife and Bapiste Provost .
Saturday the 7th Baptiste
Provost was turned out the fort Immel went to hunt with 3 Men and 6 Horses, at
11 A.M. Langue de Buche a Ree Chief and his party arrived engaged Pierre Chaine
to hunt for the fort in the place of Baptiste Provost, the River full of Ice,
clear and cold.
Sunday the 8th Langue de
Bache and party went off to make his Camp for winter about 6 miles above the fort
at 2 P.M. Immel returned with Meat of 4 Buffaloe several Rees at the fort, clear
Monday the 9th, cloudy
and moderate, snow fell in the afternoon nothing remarkable.
Tuesday the 10th, snowed
all night, cleared up about 8 oclock in the Morning, moderate, Immel went out
again to hunt with the same Men, Buffalos in Sight some Rees arrived
Wednesday the 11 clear
and moderate, nothing remarkable.
Thursday the 12, cloudy 3
Rees which had camped with us last night went away displeased getting not enough
to eat and set the Prairie around us a fire, Immel returned with 5 Cows.
Friday the 13th Papin and
1 Man went to the Village, to try to get the Rees to make a great Hunt for us.
Mr. Manuel promised 20 Loads Powder and Ball for each Cow the Buffaloe being
very hear and plenty. Charbonneau returned in the afternoon from the Bigbellies
and four of their head Men with him, the Chief Cheveux Loup and 3 others, some
Rees and a Chajenne Chief Papilliar arrived in the Evening with the news the
Chajenne were close be and came to trade, traded 2 Beaver.
Saturday the 14th, cloudy
and cold, Papin returned with -- tidings that the Rees were preparing to make
war on us. Baptiste Provost and Garrow had told them many Lies and roused the
Chiefs and Nation against us, which proved to be fact, we found this that 6 of
our Horses stolen, 2 Rees arrived to sound us if we were inclined for War, the
Chajenne Chief went to the Village.
Sunday the 15th This
Morning, Immel Papin and Charbonneau left this for the Village, with the
Bigbellies and 3 Rees, to see into the Misconduct of those fellows and try to
settle amicable, the Rees which remained at fort, seemed tranquil and content,
we stopt all Work cleared the fort, and prepared for Defense in Case of
Necessity, sent Pierre Chaine & Pointsablr to the Camp Langue de Buche, to hear some news of the stolen horses.
Monday the 16, last Night
Pierre Chaine returned and informed that the horses had been stolen by the Rees,
by the Order of Garrow and were at the hunting Camp of Grey Eye, Langue de Buche
arrived this Morning with 8 Men going to the Village he promised to deliver the
horses in three Days, and requested Mr. M.L. to be tranquil, Matters would be
settled, -- traded some Meat and 1 white Bear Skin of them -- at 4 P.M. our
Deputies returned with the Bigbellies accompanied by Goshe and Plume d'aigle,
Garrow and many other Rees, to arrange the Difficulties which had arisen, all
was thrown on the Shoulders of Baptiste Provost.
Tuesday the 17th fine
weather, clear and warm, held Council and finished with Peace, two of our horses
were brought in this Morning, finished the Enclosure of the fort.
Wednesday the 18, fine
weather, and tranquility restored the Bigbellies requested a trader and being
promised one, left this for their Village, as also the Rees very well satisfied,
another horse was brought in, Pierre Chaine and 2 Men went over the River
hunting buffaloe and Elk in Sight.
Thursday the 19th clear
and warm little Ice in the River at four o'clock in the after noon hung the
great Door of the Entrance of the fort, which ceremony was saluted by 7 Guns and
3 rounds of Musketry, made the Tour -- around the Fort and Baptized the same
FORT MANUEL. .
In the Evening a good Supper and a cheerful glass of Whiskey was given to the
Men, and a Dance at which all the Ladies then in the fort attended, concluded
the Day, Garrow brought his family to fort again and traded of the Rees a horse
which had been stolen of the Company last year by the Sioux.---
Friday the 20th, clear
and cold, had a Deer Killed, nothing remarkable happened.
Saturday the 21, cloudy
Morning, cleared up at noon Immel & Papin went to the hunting Camp of Gray
Eye, to get if possible the Remainder of the stolen Horses. Legross came to the
Fort with Baptist Provost to explain his Conduct and be taken in favor again.
Provost was not permitted to enter, they blamed Garrow for all the Mischief
which had been done, but went off without Success, Immel returned with only our
Running Mare the other 2 horses they the Indians had sent to the Village loaded
with Meat, the horses returned were all ruined and their Backs very soar, the
Chajenne Chief returned from the Village.
Sunday the 22d Morning
clear and moderate, the Chajenne Chief went to his Village, in the Evening out
hunters came to fort, they had Killed only 1 Cow and 1 Deer and found very few
Buffaloe, evening cold.
Monday the 23d Snow in
the Morning, having been informed, the Saunie, Sioux had arrived with about 150
Lodges at the Rees, Charbonneau and Garrow set off for the Ree Village, to Know
if they the Sioux had any thing to trade. Mr M. L., Immel and Chain went to a
band of Chajennes which were camped about 5 Miles above the fort, with the same intention but returned shortly afterwards, having met
with one Chief and 2 Partizans coming to pay us a Visit, and in form themselves
how we traded, cleared up at noon pretty cold, wind North, plenty Ice in the
River, this Day crossed our horses to the other Side.
Tuesday the 24th clear
and very cold, Garrow & Charbonneau returned from the Sioux, with News that
they had nothing to trade but Meat; the Chajennes went to their Camp, and
promised to come to trade with what they had, five Rees arrived at fort.
Wednesday the 25th hard
frost last night, and cloudy. hauled the Boats out of the Ice, this Evening a
Number of Rees came to the fort to camp.
Thursday the 26th,
moderate and cloudy, the Rees went off, and our hunters started with 8 horses,
at noon the Chajennes arrived with 26 Lodges and made their camp at the Point
above us, 5 of their Chiefs came to the fort. they have a vast quantity of
horses and Dogs. Rain.
Friday the 27th Snow in
the Morning and cold, plenty Chajenne in the fort, they invited Mr. Manuel to a
feast, to which he and Immel went, Grey Eye brought the last stolen horses,
traded some Beaver.
Saturday the 28th last
Night the River closed, moderate and clear, plenty Visitors, but no trading. --
Sunday the 29th cloudy
and cold, traded some Beaver, Robes etc. ect..
Monday the 30th, cloudy
and cold, traded again one of our hunters came in with the Meat of 2 Cows were
informed by the Rees that Mercier, Lachapel and Carriere were Killed by the
Sioux, these 3 Men were trapping about the Big Bend.
Thursday the 1st of
December, cloudy and very cold. traded little, the Chajennes informed us that 2
very large Bands of their Nation where camped above them, which would also come
Wednesday the 2d several
Mandans arrived and demanded a trader, Pierre Chaine brought in 1 Cow.
Thursday the 3d, cloudy
and very cold, Immel and 3 Men went out hunting.
Friday the 4th, cloudy
and cold, Pierre Chaine and 1 Man went out spying for Buffaloe, the Chajenne
Chief (Medicine Man) brought us 1 Cow, round, the 5 Chiefs received a small
present and were well satisfied with our treatment, I wished to Know their Name,
but would only learn, besides the one named above one more, which was named the
Poor Little Wolf. --
Saturday the 5th Pierre
Chaine sent in this Morning for horses, he had Killed 4 Cows, fine clear and
cold weather the Meat of Chaine and Immel with Meat of 2 Cows arrived in the
Sunday the 6th, clear and
cold. Mr. Manuel L. went on a Hunting Party with the Chajennes, there being 1000
of Buffaloe opposite, returned at noon and had Killed 12 Woahl also brought in
one Cow, Baptiste Provost came to the fort again, Mr. Manuel having pardoned him
by information received, that it was not all together his fault, Goshe and many
Monday the 7th cold and
cloudy, nothing remarkable.
Tuesday the 8. the same
Wednesday the 9th clear
and fine moderate weather Baptiste and 5 Men went out hunting, Goshe to his
Thursday the 10th clear
as yesterday, nothing remarkable.
Friday the 11th the same,
the Chajennes left us to camp and hunt at the fourth Point above us, we had
traded with them 75 Beaver, 2 Muskrats, 4 dressed Buff. Skins, 7 white Bear, 10
Robes, 5 Otter, 3 Foxes, 1 wildCat 450 pair of Moccassins a quantity of tongues
and some Meat.
Saturday the 12, cloudy,
opposite the fort the Prairie is covered with Buffaloe, Baptiste and Men arrived
this Morning had Killed 4 Cows and 2 Bulls, in the afternoon, Baptiste, Antoine
alias Machecou ,
arrived express from Mr. Lewis and brought the displeasing news, that the
hunters which were equipped by the Company and which had been on the Spanish
Waters trapping, had been robbed by the Crows, one of them Danis was Killed by some Indian supposed Grosventres, the Day Messrs. Lewis &
Lorinier arrived at the little Horn River, Machecou departed from the Little
Horn River in Company with Duroche ,
but unfortunately separated 2 days in a Snow Storm, Duroche has the Letters of
Messrs Lewis and Lorimier.
Sunday the 13th cloudy,
some Rees of whom we have always plenty in the fort / went over the River
hunting in the afternoon.
Cadet Chevalier arrived express from Me. Charles Sanguinette with a letter dated the 3d instant
in the Prairie on his Return from the Arepaos ,
in which he confirmed the sad News of the hunters, he found none and was
informed by the Areapos, that 3 of them were Killed by the Blackfeet, supposed
Champlain and 2 others, Lafargue and 5 others had run off to the -- Spaniards, 8 of them had gone to the Crows
which now are with mr. Lewis, and 3 or 4 others they knew nothing at all, they
the hunters had much Beaver some cached and the Remainder plundered with all
other things. Mr. Sangunette requested 2 Men to meet him to transport a parcel
of horses, which he had traded with the Arepaos, the Rees brought in 2 Cows they
had Killed 3 had to leave the Meat having no horses, more Rees arrived from the
Monday the 14th Baptieste
and some Men went out to hunt, plenty Buffaloe about, prepared an Equipment for
Immel, who was to go to the Mandan for to trade at 2 P.M. Machecou, Cadet and
Colla Glineau went to Meet Mr. Sanguinette
Tuesday the 15th fine
clear weather, Buffaloe constant in the Prairie, Immel and 3 Men went with 2
Sleighs on the River to the Mandans, had Informed that about 80 Lodges of Sioux
had arrived with the Rees and still more expected. Garrow went to the Village to
invite them again to a general hunting Party all Rees started only One Man
remaining, no News of Duroche.
Wednesday the 16th at 1
in the Morning Garrow returned with the News that the Rees were willing to come
if their critical situation with the Sioux would allow it they had quarreled
together and expected to fight a Battle to Day, the Sioux wanted to force and go
past the Rees, and Camp higher and nearer to us, which the Rees opposed on
Account of the Buffaloe, the Rees came and told us a dreadful History which they
had been informed by the Sioux, as they say, that the Sioux had Killed Bijou,
and plundered the trading house and were singing the Chevalier the French, and that they would come to our fort and do the same, if we would
not come to their own terms trading, and in Regard to their Histories Mr. Manuel
resolved immediately to write a Letter to Bijou and sent it express by a Sioux
promising a horse if an answer should be brought to the Letter, at 11 A.M. Papin
went off with the Letter. Bapteste sent in Meat of 8 Cows, and the Men returned
to the hunting Camp, at Sunset Duroehe made his Appearance with the Letters of
Lewis & Lorimier which gave some Satisfaction from their quarters they had
by hunting 12 Pack of Beaver in Store, and purchased ten for their Use. At 11
o'clock P.M. Papin returned, the Sioux had taken the Letter and promised to
deliver an Answer, which our hopes that that the News of Bijou's Death was not
Thursday the 17th fine
moderate weather, in the Evening a party of Rees arrived and camped in the fort.
Friday the 18th fine
moderate weather, and indeed considering the Season so far advanced is like
Spring; we have but very little snow and of late moderate so that any Work out
of doors may be done, at 1 o'clock P.M. we received 2 horse Loads of Meat say 2
Cows, at 6 P.M. Goshe, Legross and several Rees came to fort, to make a hunting
party Mr. Manuel having promised a horse to each Chief 4 in Number, when our
horses would arrive.
Saturday the 19th fine
clear weather, and hard wind all Day, no hunting party of Chajenne arrived from
the upper Band with one Chief going to the Rees.
Sunday the 20th, clear
and moderate, our hunters say Rees went out and Killed 20 Cows head and foot was
received them Evening, purchased a fine Dog of the Chajennes, this Evening the
Wife of Charbonneau a Snake Squaw ,
died of a putrid fever she was a good and best Woman in the fort, aged about 25
years she left a fine infant girl.
Monday the 21st, clear
and moderate, paid off our Indian hunters, and they left fort together with the
Chajennes for their Village in the Evening, several Rees came from the Mandans,
and told us that Immel coming also from the Mandans had been robbed and whipped
by the Band of Chajennes at the River Bullet .
Tuesday the 22d fine
weather, Garrow and Papin went off early in the Morning to meet Immel, at 10
o'clock A.M. Immel arrived and the History of the Indians -- proved to be a lie,
it was true that he had a quarrel with the Chajennes, by refusing them their
Demands which he could not comply with, but they did forbear being only a few to
do harm, seeing him on his Guard at noon the Sleigh arrived as also 15 Mandans
with them, in the afternoon the three Men which were sent by Mr. M. L. to meet
Sanguineete returned without finding him, they found a track of a party of
Indians and were afraid to march forward.
Wednesday the 23d fine
weather, the Mandans set off for the Rees several Rees arrived in the afternoon,
all tranquil and happy in situation.
Thursday the 24th clear
and hard wind but moderate the Rees went off again gave 30lb flour and 30lb
Tallow to the Boys for regaling themselves tomorrow, in the afternoon the
Chajennes Chief returned from the Village he had heard of the Affair of his
Village with Immel, he was very sorry fired his Gun backward on entering the
house and promised to see every thing arranged to our Satisfaction, this Evening
the Boys had a treat of Whisky and made merry fired 3 Guns at Sunset in honor of
the approaching night.
Friday the 25th fine
moderate weather, indeed it looked more like Easter, than Christmas, were roused
by a Salute last Night some Indians were lurking about the fort, and some Men
stood guard in the Bastion they saw some thing in the Dark, fired and had Killed
an Indian Dog, taking him to be an Indian the Chejennes were afraight to go to
their Village and requested a guard, Six Volunteer offered immediately and
escorted them untill out of Danger.
Saturday the 26th, at
four o'clock in the Morning Messrs. M. Lisa, Immel and four Men went to the
Sioux, to sound their Sentiments, in the afternoon a party of Mandans arrived at
fort with several Rees, and at Sundown our party from the Sioux, they rejected
our friendship and will trade as they please, or plunder, fine weather.
Sunday the 27th the
weather continuing fine, the Mandans went to their Village, Mr. M. L. sent Jolla
Glineau along with them, to carry some more Articles to our trader.
Monday the 28th fine
weather, made up Equipment for Charbonneau and Woahl to go and trade with the
Bigbellies, Baptiste went hunting Killed a Calf.
Tuesday the 29th
Charbonneau and Woahl set off for their Station 2 Men and 4 horses, in the
afternoon we had the pleasure to receive and Answer to the Letter sent to Bijou,
to the greatest Satisfaction of Mr. M. L., Bijou having traded very well more
than expected, Antoine Citoleux had started with the Indian from below but would not Keep up walking with him
the three which were reported to be Killed were with him, and proved another
made History of the Rees.
Wednesday the 30, fine
weather the Sioux went off with their pay a horse and 2 Carrots Tobacco.
Thursday the 31st Rain
this Morning, nothing remarkable at Sunset saluted the exile year, the Boys and
Whisky and a Dance, all Cares and troubles were forgotten and drowned in
oblivion and so concluded again a year with, I may say, a cheerful night.
January the 1st, The new
year was ushered in by firing a Salute and paying the Complement of the Season,
every One seemed rejoiced of having lived to see another year, fine moderate
weather in the Evening several Rees arrived, they brought a Present for Mr.
Manuel, but he would not accept it, I took it and paid pretty high.
Saturday the 2d fine
weather and fresh, nothing to remark,
Sunday the 3d fine
weather as yesterday, at noon Goshe and a party of Rees arrived, carrying a Pipe
to the Chajennes, and came to Council with Mr. M. L. on that Subject.
Monday the 4th fine
weather, Goshe went off Cadet Chevalier paid the Dept of Nature at noon he died
of a putrid feaver.
Tuesday the 5th fine
weather and moderate, in the afternoon Antoine Citoleux arrived, in the Evening
a Band of Rees headed by Plume D'aigle arrived, carrying a Pipe to Mandans.
Wednesday the 6th the
same weather as yesterday the Rees left us and Directly after I found they had
stolen our only he Cat TOM, Baptiste went hunting at noon Sanguinette, Latour
and Large arrived they had left their horses 31 in Number at the little Chajenne fork
prepared for an Expedition to the little Horn. wrote Letters to Lewis &
Lorimier, in the afternoon Baptiste brought in the Meat of 3 Cows, cloudy
Thursday the 7th at 4
o'clock in the Morning, Duroche, Machesou and Fouche left the fort with 3 horses loaded with Tobacco and Powder for to go to the
little Horn to Mr. Lewis, cloudy and windy many Rees passed by, at 3 P.M. we saw
to our Surprise the Men which had started this Morning for the little Horn,
returning, they reported, they had seed something like Men and got scared, they
would not go on, returned the Goods, but Kept their Equipments for the Voyage
which made their tale doubtful, and it seemed they had had no Idea to go, and
cheat the Company out of their Goods. Goshe returned from the Chajennes stayed
Friday the 8, Immel went
early this Morning with 6 Men after the horses which Sanguinette had left, the
Indians Killed 6 Cows for us, and our hunter 2 Bulls and 1 Deer, the Meat of the
Bulls is not good and it is only to have the Hides for covering, cloudy and
Saturday the 9th hard
wind from N.W. rain and Squally all Day, Cleared up in the Evening and cold.
Sunday the 10th fine cold
weather, nothing to remark.
Monday the 11th fine and
moderate, " " "
Tuesday the 12th, the
same " " " "
Wednesday the 13 the
same, the Indians Killed 3 Cows towards evening had a Bull chase on the Ice, the
poor Animal when found he was pursued, fell several times, and at last tired
could not get up, -- surrounded by many he awaited his fate patiently cold and
Thursday the 14th cloudy
and moderate, Indian Killed 1 Cow a party Mandans camped at fort.
Friday the 15th the
Present I received the 1st instant I had to throw away to the Damage of 114
Dollars on my Side a Lesson I shall not soon forget, in Evening a party of
Chajennes came to fort, carrying a Pipe to the Rees and Sioux, some snow fell,
Saturday the 16, fine
moderate weather, snow melted away, I took a Walk across the River where two of
our Men are cutting firewood, I never saw a finer Spot for Cultivation, a fine
timbered bottom and a beautiful Prairie late in the Evening two Rees stopped and
told us that the Sioux had commenced war on them and had Killed a Young Man in
their own Village.
Sunday 17th fine weather,
plenty Indians passing by.
Monday the 18th fine
moderate weather, in the afternoon the Chajennes returned, the Rees were
preparing to war and summoned all Men which were absent from the Village, at
Evening a large party of Women and Children took refuge in the fort, to sleep in
Security they were lodged just above us in 5 Lodges, and the Men all absent.
Tuesday the 19th hard
wind and cold, at 8 A.M. Immel & party Arrived with the Indians in the
afternoon a party of Sioux with the Chief Crooked Hand Arrived with the American
Standard flying before them they said they were going to the Chajennes to smoke
which was a falsehood, when we first saw the Rees run to and fro, crying the
Sioux come to Kill, and made a terrible noise, We traded 32 Robes, 20 Beaver, 5
Otter, they went off at their favorite time, at 9 o'clock at night, plenty Rees
at the fort.
Wednesday the 20th hard
wind & cloudy all the Rees went to their Village except 2 hunters and their
Thursday the 21st the
wind and weather as yesterday Latour, Machecou, Duroche and Joseph Laderoute
were ordered out of the fort, they had made a ?compliant? against the adopted
Principles of the Company Mr. Manuel tried every way to get them in Employment
but they would neither engage nor hunt nor pay their Debts, Latour had brought 4
horses from the Arepaos Mr. Manuel wanted to buy them against his Debt, NO, he
offered 300 Dollars wages per year to hunt for the forts or be otherwise
employed, they refused, they only wanted to get the necessaries, and Equipments
to squander away, and set by the fireside at ease eat our Provisions, take out
of store when pleased and let the Company go Destruction, their Character is
throughout vicious and Dangerous, the Company looses considerable by them, say
about 4000 Dollars, Laderoute wanted to take a girl which Immel had given him,
and Immel would not permit her to go in the Situation she was in, high pregnant,
but Laderoute wanted to take her by force like a Brute without nourishment and
cold Season, the dispute ended by both remaining, one of the Indian hunters got
displeased, on Account we would give him no meat for his family, he sold us each
Cow for 3 dollars and then wanted to eat the Meat, avaricious design, last night
we saw plenty fires opposite side which included us to believe that the Sioux
and fought with the Chajennes made up an Equipment for Mahas poncas ect.. ect...
Friday the 22d last Night
Laderoute's Girl had a little Girl, cold and cloudy.
Saturday the 23d, cold
and cloudy, our hunters went out returned with the Meat of 3 Cows, the news from
this day was that a Sioux Chief was Killed by the Rees, and a Ree Woman by the
Sunday the 24th snow and
cold, this Day sent the 4 horses promised to Ree Chief for make a hunt.
Monday the 25th clear and
cold, nothing to remark.
Tuesday the 26 cloudy and
cold, this Evening the Men who guarded the horses found two missing supposed to
be stolen by Langus de Buche.
Wednesday the 27th clear
and cold Sanguinette and a party went hunting, Immel, Papin and another party
went to Langue de Bache, which as suspected, had been the Case as were informed
that his party had stolen the horses, they returned in afternoon in several
parties, one party found and Indian who had stolen a horse this Day close to the
fort of Colla Citoleux, and Immel seeing another Savage stealing the Way of him
suspected some thing wrong, made up to him, and found the running Mare of Mr. M.
L. thus were tow more horses rescued their report was that they had found no
horses nor Langue de Buche he himself was gone to the Chajennes probably to
trade then away for Meat.
Thursday the 28th Mr
Manuel L. and 12 Men went to the Camp of Langue de Buche, to demand the horses,
on their arrival they took possession of the Indian fort and made some sham
prisoners, they did not find the horses and were told they the horses were out
hunting, the Indians began to make overtures and begged, promised to return the
horses to fort. Mr. Manuel pitied them and left one Man to receive the horses,
who returned in the Evening Mr. M & party arriving at noon with only one
horse which belonged to Jessaume, the other not given up, this Day fine clear
and cold weather.
Friday the 29th, cloudy
in the Morning, cold and Snow Squalls, last night Laderoute and his girl
deserted through one of the port holes in the Bastion Garrow went to the Village
to see how the Rees were situated, he returned late at night and told the Goshe
and his Band wished to come and live at the point above us if we would sent
horses to carry their Luggage, Indians and hunters went out to Day but Killed
Saturday the 30th clear
but very cold, the hunters went out again but returned the weather being too
Sunday the 31st, moderate
and clear, Immel, Sanguinette and four Men with 20 horses started for the
Village, to bring the Rees this Day our hunters Killed 4 Cows.
Monday the 1st of Febry,
clear and fine moderate weather, in the afternoon Immel and party with Goshe and
4 Lodges of his Band arrived, but instead of camping at point took their
Lodgings in the fort, hunters were out again to Day and Killed 3 Cows and 2
Tuesday the 2d, fine
weather, nothing remarkable.
Wednesday the 3d the
same, the Rees went out hunting and in the absence of the Men the Women began to
quarrel among themselves, and left the fort sack and pack, there being 5 Lodges
of wood at the point they went there, but returned about 10 o'clock in the
night, being afraid of the Sioux, three Indians came to fort with 4 Cows, the
remaining camped out.
Thursday the 4th fine
weather and warm, the 2 stolen horses were brought in, Goshe and his hunting
party returned they had Killed 7 Cows. At 4 P.M. 12 Soldiers of the Band of
Goshe arrived, thawed very much and plenty on the Ice.
Friday the 5th, clear and
moderate, the Men which came yesterday belonging to Goeshe's Band went off again
to the Village to bring their families, at noon became cloudy and heavy Squalls
towards evening a young man of the Bigbellies of which we had two familes in the
fort went out hunting on foot for some deer or Elk, and about 8 o'clock P.M. we
heard the Cry TO ARMS and two guns fired at the same time which proved to be out
of the fort, opening the Door of the fort we found the above Young Man breathing
his last, we found him shot in the Belly and Breast his hunt laid a little ways
off, he had Killed and Elk and brought only the Calf, a favorite Dish with the
Indians we expected a Return and Kept Guards, the Sioux were perpetrators of
this Act, he died 1 hour after, blew a hard gale all night.
Saturday the 6th the wind
continuing blowing very hard found 2 Arrows in the fort which had been thrown
through the Crevices of the Pickets, the arrows found were of the Sioux Nation,
and had been leveled perhaps at some of us, a singular Circumstance happened the
Day before with the same young fellow who was killed, he quarrelled with a women
the wife of a Mandan in the fort, and was going to Kill her, when her husband
who was absent at the time of the quarrel, arrived and being informed what had
passed, went to him if you want to fight, do it with the men and not women come
out and measure your Bow with mine but proved coward, next day he met his fate
at 2 P.M. our hunters brought in 5 Cows 2 Calfs, a fine afternoon, late at
Evening Le Gross arrived at the fort from the Chajennes, he reported they made
plenty Robes, and would come to trade in the Spring.
Sunday the 7th
disagreeable and snowing, Immel, Sanguinette, Gilneau and Lange went with 8
horses to the Mandans to fetch the Peltries traded with that Nation, Le Gross
with all Bravos which were in the fort amounting to 26 to the Village, I made a
Census of the Indians remaining in the fort and found 65 souls left most Women
and Children -- -- in the afternoon 2 more Lodges, fine afternoon.
Monday the 8 fine clear
weather nothing remarkable.
Tuesday the 9th the same.
Wednesday the 10 the same
but hard wind Killed 1 Elk.
Thursday the 11th cloudy
and hard winds, cleared up in the afternoon, at 9 o'clock in the Evening we
heard several guns firing, and directly afterwards 3 Rees young men arrived, who
had run away from a fray which they and with the Sioux, they reported that 4 of
them were Killed, all Indians in the fort in uproar we watched all night, but
Friday the 12, clear and
cold, the refugees reported last evening that the Son of Goshe, with 2 young Men
and 1 Woman was Killed, Goshe started, Mr Manuel L. gave him a Blanket and
Vermillion and 30 Loads of Powder & Ball to cover the Corps as customary
with the Indians, at 10 A.M. the party returned they had found but 2 Corps of
Men and 1 Woman, a Child which the Woman had was taken prisoner and the son of
Goshe had found blind as he is the way in the woods to hid himself, they found
him laying among the Brushes, when he heard himself discovered, cried out who is
there and finding his friends was rejoiced Goshe gave him the Blanket ect.. ect..
and sent him off in the afternoon 10 Chajenne Chiefs Arrived and about 150 Rees
to go to the Chajennes for Meat.
Saturday the 13th the
Chajenne Chief went away seemingly satisfied and the Rees with them Mr. Manuel
Lisa gave 5 Carrots 4 Twist Tobacco 3 lbs Powder and 6 lbs Ball as a present, at
2 P.M. Immel and his party returned form the Mandans with Peltries at 4 P.M.
about 15 or 60 Rees arrived from the Village with Plume D'aigle to bury as they
said their slain brethren -- fine weather and moderate.
Sunday the 14th, cloudy
and snow squalls, the Reed went off.
Monday the 15, cloudy and
cold, the Rees returned from the Chajennes.
Tuesday the 16th clear
and cold, all the Rees which had hitherto stayed in the fort went off to their
Village being advised by the Chajennes to Leave the fort, only 5 Women and 2
Girls remaining, cloudy evening.
Wednesday, the 17 cloudy
and hard winds nothing to remark.
Thursday the 18, clear
and very cold, Killed 2 Deer.
Friday the 19 same as
yesterday, nothing to remark.
Saturday the 20 cloudy
and cold, in afternoon Snow Squalls our Sow brought 17 Dead Pigs, a great loss.
Sunday the 21 clear and
cold, this day is the coldest we have had this Winter, at 12 o'clock this Day
Charbonneau and 1 Engagee arrived from the Bigbellies, himself and Woahl had
traded out of 492 Plus only 168, the Chief named Borne was thrown off by the
Nation only 5 Lodges remained with him, and had a separate Village, he persuaded
Charbonneau to come with some Powder & ect... ect... to his Village to
trade, he went and took 25 lbs of powder and 50 lbs of Ball of which he was
robbed off when Charbonneau was informed by the Chief Chrveux De Loup who first
Chief among them that 4 or 5 Days after his Arrival from hence in December last,
2 from the N.W. Company had been with them, they came under pretext to trade
dressed Buffaloe Skins, and made some Presents to the Chiefs, and began to
harangue against the American traders, told them we would give them nothing, but
a little powder, and that they the N.W. Company would furnish them with every
thing without Pay of they would go to war, and rob and Kill the Americans, this
had the desired effect on Borne, and he made several Speeches to that purpose,
but being disgraced and not liked he retired without Success, though himself
fulfilled his promise to rob, but was afraight to Kill, thus are those
Bloodhounds the British constantly employed and do every thing in their Power to
annoy and destroy the Americans and their trade, they have nothing to fear on
Account and in Respect of our Government, all though in our territories, and in
fact our Government does not care to meddle with them, nor how many Citizens are
sacrificed by the British influence with the Indians, if there was a fort at the
River St. Peters as was promised by Liet. Pike and another in these Parts of the Missouri, it would do infinitely good to
hunters and traders, and bring great wealth to the States, but this is out of
question, they have a strong Garrison at Bellefontaine, and that is enough, the
soldiers parade, eat and drink and spent their time in Idleness, is there any
necessity to keep so many idle fellows in a settled Country, they do not even
prevent and cannot protect out Settlers about 80 or 90 Miles above, and we have
seen outrages committed by the Indians, horrid to relate, there was after the
Sheep were destroyed by the Wolves, a small Garrison erected on Salt River ,
Mississippi which will do more good than all Bellefontaine, and if one was to be
erected about 500 Leagues up the Missouri it would be very good to Keep the
Indians in their Bounds, Provisions are plenty and the other necessaries could
be sent by the traders, but it has been frequently the Case, and has been said
our Citizens have no Business to go among the Indians to trade but the profits
thereof are not considered, and this Branch of Business will never succeed if
not protected by Government, to seat of the British Traders.
When Charbonneau passed
the Chajennes which are above us about 4 Leagues ,
they warned him to be cautious and take care of his Life that they had
discovered 27 Men lurking about, supposing to be the Saunies Sioux, he arrived
however without accident.
Monday the 22d fine
weather and cold some Buffaloes in Sight, 7 Men went across the River to hunt,
and returned about noon, having Killed but 1 Cow, 2 Bulls the weather being to
cold, to pursue the Buffaloe, at 1 o'clock 45 Min. P.M. we were alarmed by the
Cry TO ARMS, Archambeau is Killed, and by sorting found us surrounded by Indians on all sides, out the
reach of our Guns, Archambeau was hauling hay with a Sleigh from the other Side,
and just on coming on the River he was shot and Killed Immediately he was a very
good Man and had been 6 years on the Missouri, we put ourselves immediately in
Defense, and placed two swivels on the Bank of the River, but unfortunately of
Balls did not reach across, and those on this Side Kept out of Reach of our
fire, and dare not come to an open Attack, their Numbers was between 4 and 500,
they took the Scalp and cut him nearly to pieces, they marched off about 4
o'clock, leaving us to lament the Death of a fellow citizen unrevenged, a party
of our Men went across to Bring the Croups which they found terrible mangled,
they brought 29 Arrows which were sticking in his body and a good many more
broken to pieces, his Head broken the Brains scattered about his nose and ears
cut off his teeth Knocked out, and more terrible Deeds which I will not express
with my Pen. We mustered in the Evening and found ourselves 26 Men strong,
selected Guards for the night, divided in 5 Watches, 4 Men in each and 3 in each
Bastion, gave the Boys a Draw and every one was in Readiness for defense to the
last moment our situation in general is not very lasting at this time menaced by
the Sioux, below, and we dare not trust too much the Chajennes above, they have
made a vast quanity of Robes and wish to augment the trade we are told and they
showed a Horn which they made which holds 40 Loads of Powder, instead of giving
20 Loads for a Plus ,
I hope we will have no Row with them as to the Rees we fear nothing, they are a
sett of lying and good for nothing fellows.
Tuesday the 23d passed a
quiet night, and our Guards saw nothing, after Breakfast Immel and four Men went
out reconnoitering on swift horses, returned at noon and reported they had found
the tracks of the war party and judged by the Size of the Road they had made to
have about 400, the Road went right across the Hills and the party which was
stationed above the fort say about 60 had met them at right angles, about 2
Miles west of the fort, we interred the Remains of our poor fellow Citizen
Archambeau, and guarded in the afternoon saw some Buffaloe chased on the other
Side, supposed by the same Party, we also saw Dogs on the Ice which returned to
the Woods at the point above us, and made us certain there was some hid in the
Woods, as also by a track which we found, descending the Coast on our Side 1
Mile below the fort, set guard for the Night had a fine Day but cold and cloudy
Wednesday the 24th passed
a tranquil night, but saw some running fires, the Signal of Indians after
Battle, 3 Men went to Langue de Buche's Camp to hear of their Situation a fine
Day but cold, set all our Dogs our of fort for guard.
Thursday the 25th passed
a quiet night, I guarded till 4 o'clock in the morning the 3 Men went out
yesterday did not Return, Dogs out guarding, dark and cloudy evening.
Friday the 26th snowed
last night and this Morning we are constant watching in our careful Situation,
we hear and see nobody from all around us, and are like Prisoners in Deserts to
expect every moment our fate.
At 3 o'clock P.M. our 3
Men returned with Machecou, the whites and Indians who camp above us had heard
nothing of the fracas which had happened, the Chajennes had the next Day after
the affair, 24 horses stolen by the Sioux, undoubtedly the same party who
attacked us there Scheme was to plunder the fort, expecting that we would divide
and a party would run across the River to rescue the Man which was Killed, and
then come between us and plunder and Kill those in the fort. cleared up towards
evening and cold.
Saturday the 27th passed
another tranquil Night cloudy at Sunrise, cleared up at 8 A.M. cold weather.
Sunday the 28th, Snowed
last night and this Morning the most which has fell this Winter about 4 Inches
deep, cleared up in the afternoon with cold weather. nothing remarkable these 2
Monday the 1st of March,
1813 clear and cold, after dinner Charbonneau and Leclair set off for their Stations at the Bigbellies took some Powder and Ball to
complete his Equipment, they were escorted by 5 of our Men, untill he would be
out of Danger, at Sunset it began to Snow.
Tuesday the 2d a vast
deal of snow had fell last night, but was clear and cold in the Morning, cloudy
afternoon, at 2 P.M. 7 Men and 2 Women of the Rees arrived at the fort, the
first which made their appearance since Goshe left us, 4 Men 1 Woman went to
Langue de Buche the others remained.
Wednesday the 3d, clear
and cold, the Indians which arrived yesterday said that the upper Village of the
Rees would come this Day to trade, which however proved to be a lie, at noon 7
Rees arrived from above, as also our party which had escorted Charbonneau, with
Latour, Machecou, Duroche, and Laderoute 2 Squaws and 3 Children, a party of Men
went over the River to out firewood, had a fine warm Day and cloudy evening.
Thursday the 4th last
night about 3 inches of snow had fell cloudy and cold Morning, in the afternoon
4 Mandans arrived from their Village on their way to the Rees, no news.
Friday the 5th Snowstorm
last night and continued snowing all this Day the Mandans pursued their Route.
footnotes on luttig
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